"The United States seeks for itself no base, no territory, no special position in this area of any kind. We support a truly neutral and independent Laos, its people free from outside interference, living at peace with themselves and with their neighbors, assured that their territory will not be used for attacks on others, and under a government comparable (as Mr. Khrushchev and I agreed at Vienna) to Cambodia and Burma."

                                                                                                                                          President John F. Kennedy

The Geneva Accord

The Geneva Accord of 1962 was an agreement between the USA, Soviet Union, China, North Vietnam Burma, Cambodia, Thailand, South Vietnam, France, India, Poland, Canada, and Laos. This accord was primarily focused on the position of Laos. First, the Geneva Accord declared that Laos was a neutral country. Second, there would be no interference with the internal affairs of Laos. Third, all foreign forces were to withdraw from Laos within 75 days. And finally, fourth, Britain and the USSR would provide the West with the opportunity to force issues into the open and the USSR with the opportunity to ensure that nothing happened contrary to its interest. This agreement came to be when communism began to take over and the United States decided that a neutral would be for the best. 

"We must recognize that the North Vietnamese did not keep the Laos Agreement of 1962 for a single day"
                                                                                                                                                W. Averell Harriman

Violation of the Agreement

Every country agreed to the terms of the agreement expect North Vietnam. The North Vietnamese still had troops stationed in Laos and they were trying to help the Pathet Lao, a communist faction in Laos take over Laos. The North Vietnamese refused to leave Laos because the United States were still in South Vietnam. This action violated the first agreement of the accord because Laos was no longer neutral. The second was violated because North Vietnam was assisting the Pathet Lao, a communist faction in Laos, in the takeover of Laos. The third was also violated because North Vietnam never removed their troops out of Laos. By the end of the Vietnam War, the agreements made by the Geneva Accord of 1962 became absolutely useless because  North Vietnam violated this accord.